Infinite Loop: Rotating Images Using jQuery (JavaScript)

Posted on: 10.07.2010 By: Brian McNitt 95 Comments

We recently created a new website for Ashton & Partners, a design firm located in downtown San Francisco. The Ashton & Partners home page features a series of images that slowly cross-fade from one to the next, all of which can be controlled via a custom WordPress control panel. In designing the site, it was important that the site work on devices that do not support Flash (i.e. – iPhone, iPad, etc.) so we chose to create all site animations using JavaScript.

While there are thousands of pre-built animation scripts out there, most of the scripts I found were overblown or not exactly what we needed. Below are the component parts for our custom infinite loop cross-fade script (HTML, CSS, and Javascript) plus links to a working demo and source files. Note: by applying the “rotating-item” class, the script can be used to infinitely loop over any set of HTML elements (paragraphs, divs, etc.), we just happen to target images in this example.

The HTML

We start with a basic HTML5 doctype. In the head of the document, we link to the jQuery JavaScript library via Google AJAX APIs and include our ‘infinite-rotator.js’ file. Note: for slightly better page load speed you can link to the Javascript files at the bottom of the HTML instead. We then create a list of images and assign each a class of “rotating-item”. We’ll use this class to control the images via CSS and JavaScript later. Finally, we wrap all of our rotating images in a DIV we give an id of “rotating-item-wrapper” which we explain in the CSS section. Unstyled, the HTML will display the entire series of images (view unstyled page).


    Infinite Rotating Images Using jQuery (JavaScript)
<script type="text/javascript" src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.4.2/jquery.min.js?ver=3.0.1"></script><script type="text/javascript" src="js/infinite-rotator.js"></script>
</pre>
<h1>Infinite Rotating Images Using jQuery (JavaScript)</h1>
<div id="rotating-item-wrapper"><img class="rotating-item" src="images/greenpeople.jpg" alt="a person entering a building" width="980" height="347" />
 <img class="rotating-item" src="images/entrance.jpg" alt="photo of building across from our office" width="980" height="347" />
 <img class="rotating-item" src="images/bluepeople.jpg" alt="building entrance with neon backlit walls" width="980" height="347" />
 <img class="rotating-item" src="images/reflection3.jpg" alt="building lobby window reflections" width="980" height="347" />
 <img class="rotating-item" src="images/reflection2.jpg" alt="reflection on building windows" width="980" height="347" />
 <img class="rotating-item" src="images/manequine.jpg" alt="two manequines in window" width="980" height="347" /></div>
<pre>

The CSS

Our CSS code is simple and basically does two things — it absolutely positions all of our rotating items on top of each other in the wrapper DIV and hides the items using CSS display=none.

#rotating-item-wrapper {
	position: relative;
	width: 980px;
	height: 347px;
}
.rotating-item {
	display: none;
	position: absolute;
	top: 0;
	left: 0;
}

The JavaScript

This is the heart of the rotating image functionality. Now that we have our basic HTML markup and have absolutely positioned and hidden our images using CSS, we can now rotate between them. We start our JavaScript only when the HTML document and images have finished loading by using the window load function. For those familiar with jQuery, this is a bit different than the document ready command which fires after the document is ready, not when linked images have loaded which is important here. (Note: the same can be achieved by linking the JavaScript files at the bottom of the HTML versus in the head of the document.) We then define a few timing variables — the initial fade-in time, the interval between items, and the cross-fade time — all set in milliseconds. Adjust as desired. On line 23, we reveal the first image, then on line 26 kick off our infinite loop.

$(window).load(function() {	//start after HTML, images have loaded

	var InfiniteRotator =
	{
		init: function()
		{
			//initial fade-in time (in milliseconds)
			var initialFadeIn = 1000;

			//interval between items (in milliseconds)
			var itemInterval = 5000;

			//cross-fade time (in milliseconds)
			var fadeTime = 2500;

			//count number of items
			var numberOfItems = $('.rotating-item').length;

			//set current item
			var currentItem = 0;

			//show first item
			$('.rotating-item').eq(currentItem).fadeIn(initialFadeIn);

			//loop through the items
			var infiniteLoop = setInterval(function(){
				$('.rotating-item').eq(currentItem).fadeOut(fadeTime);

				if(currentItem == numberOfItems -1){
					currentItem = 0;
				}else{
					currentItem++;
				}
				$('.rotating-item').eq(currentItem).fadeIn(fadeTime);

			}, itemInterval);
		}
	};

	InfiniteRotator.init();

});

That’s it! I hope you found this example useful.

View Demo Download Files CodePen Github

PS – An extension of this code, you might notice we embedded an Easter Egg on the Ashton & Partners home page. Fun things happen when you “triple-click” the word “Approachable…”

PPS – A number of people in the comments have asked “can you modify the code to…[do something different]?” Of course, the answer is yes — but as much as I would like to help, creating custom scripts for everyone is simply not feasible. You can try posting your question in the comments and perhaps another commenter can respond. Failing that, the better solution would be to learn how to do it yourself. For this, I highly recommend SitePoint’s Simply JavaScript, by Kevin Yank & Cameron Adams followed by jQuery: Novice to Ninja, by Earle Castledine & Craig Sharkie. Power through these two books and you’ll be writing scripts like this from scratch. Seriously, you can do it!

This article is translated to Serbo-Croatian language by Jovana Milutinovich from Webhostinggeeks.com.

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Author | Brian McNitt
Brian’s career path zigzagged from pre-med at Purdue University to bike racing and a career in sales and marketing for Schwinn and other bicycle companies. That was until the inception of the World Wide Web, when he took his science and marketing background full force into web design. He was a founding member of Montclare Technologies—one of the first and hottest interactive agencies in the U.S. In 2000, he founded TrendMedia, a San Francisco-based web design and interactive agency. Brian is now one of the leading experts in web technology and social media, and is a recognized authority in web accessibility, WordPress and SEO.